The History of the Persistant Monophysite Rejection of St. Cyril of Alexandria's Teaching on the Two Natures of Christ
Following are quotes taken from The Non-Chalcedonian Heretics: A Contribution to the Dialogue
Concerning the "Orthodoxy" of the Non-Chalcedonians...
433: St. Cyril explicitly accepts two natures after the hypostatic union in his "Epistle to John of
Antioch" (the Agreements of 433):
"With regard to the Evangelical and
Apostolic expressions concerning the Lord, we know that men who are skilled in theology
make some of them common to the one Person, while they divide others between the two
Natures, ascribing those that are fitting to God to Divinity of Christ, and those that are
lowly to His Humanity. On reading these sacred utterances of Yours, and finding that we
ourselves think along the same linesfor there is one Lord, one Faith, one Baptism, we glorified God the Saviour of all" [John
Karmiris, Dogmatic and Creedal Statements of the Orthodox Church, Vol. 1
[Athens:1960]. p. 154], quoted in The Non-Chalcedonian Heretics, p 11]
Saint Cyril replies to extremists who
questioned the Agreements:
"We have not gone so mad as to
anathematize our own views; but we abide by what we have written and by our way of
thinking" [Epistle XXXVII, to Theognostos, Patrologia Graeca, Vol. LXXVII,
Col. 169C; quote in The Non-Chalcedonian Heretics, p. 12].
448: The Permanent Synod
of Constantinople under Patriarch Flavian condemns Eutyches who rejects St. Cyrils
449: Dioscoros presides
over the Robber Synod and exonerates Eutyches, and deposes St. Flavian (who is beaten to
death and replaced by an Alexandrian), and condemns all who accept the Agreements and
anathematizes all who confess two natures [Fr. Geoges Florovsky, The Byzantine Fathers
of the Fifth Century (Thessaloniki:1992), p 470; referenced in The
Non-Chalcedonian Heretics, p. 13].
451: The Fourth Ecumenical
Synod adopts all the teachings of St. Cyril, and condemns those who selectively choose
some of them and reject others as heretical. St. Flavian is vindicated and the Robber
(another Monophysite "saint") condemns Saint Cyril on account of the agreements:
"Cyril... having excellently
articulated the wise proclamation of Orthodoxy, showed himself to be fickle and is to be
censured for teaching contrary doctrine: after previously proposing that we should speak
of one nature of God the Word, he destroyed the dogma that he had formulated and is caught
professing two Natures of Christ" [Timothy Ailouros, "Epistles to
Kalonymos," Patrologia Graeca, Vol LXXXVI, Col. 276; quoted in The Non
Chalcedonian Heretics, p. 13].
499: Philoxenos of
Hierapolis convenes a synod in Constantinople and deposes the Orthodox Patriarch of
Antioch (Flavian), and Severos, a Disciple of Timothy Ailouros (and another Monophysite
"saint") is installed in his place [Ibid., p 14].
Severos also condemns St. Cyril's Agreements:
"The formulae used by the Holy Fathers
concerning two Natures united in Christ should be set aside, even if they be Cyril's"
[Patrologia Graeca, Vol. LXXXIX, Col. 103D. Saint Anastasios of Sinai preserves
this quote of Severos in his works; quoted in The Non-Chalcedonian Heretics, p.